What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

Periodontitis is commonly known by the name gum disease. This is a critical gum infection that, if left untreated for a prolonged time, can cause serious problems. A periodontist treats periodontal disease.

  • Gingivitis

At an early level of the infection, the gum disease is called gingivitis when the gum swells, becomes dusky to dark red, and bleeds if brushed or flossed. It results in bad breath and sore gums.

  • Chronic Periodontal Disease

When left untreated and it matures to chronic periodontal disease from its gingivitis phase, the bacteria infect the bone that supports your tooth and destroys it. The gum detaches from the tooth, and the bone is misplaced, leading to tooth loss at a later stage. 

What are the Causes?

Plaque, a sticky film of a colorless element on your teeth, and sometimes its hardened form, the tartar, cause bacterial infection to grow on your teeth and gums. As a result, the gum and the supporting bones surrounding your tooth get inflamed. 

Periodontal disease is a very common dental problem and can be prevented at an early phase. Out of the many reasons that cause periodontal disease, the most typical one is when an individual fails to maintain proper oral hygiene. Smoking or chewing tobacco is also a contributing factor.

Symptoms and Signs

  • Bad breath or a long-lasting bad taste
  • Loosened or sensitive teeth
  • Swollen and bleeding gums
  • Experiencing pain and difficulty while chewing food

Preventing Periodontal Disease

Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing in between the teeth to get rid of food particles stuck to them, and paying your dentist regular visits can prevent the chances of developing the disease. If the condition already affects your teeth, these healthy habits help to get rid of it, and if not, you have to seek the help of a dentist. 

Other Health Factors

The bacteria responsible for periodontal disease can sometimes enter the bloodstream through the gum tissues, bringing about a lot of other complications in your body. Some of them include certain respiratory problems, controlling sugar levels in the body, inducing hormonal changes in women, and coronary artery diseases. 

According to recent statistics from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 47% of the US adult population aged 30 and above suffer from periodontal disease. The disease becomes more common and severe with age. About 70% of the population aged 70 and above are witnessed to have the condition. 

Please reach out to Persimmon Dental Care in Dublin, CA, to have a consultation with our dentists. Please call us at (925) 999-8282 or schedule an online consultation, and we’ll guide you further. 


5281 Martinelli Way, Dublin, CA 94568

Office Hours

MON - FRI 9:00 am - 6:00 pm

SAT - SUN Closed

Get in Touch

Email: persimmondental@gmail.com

Phone: (925) 999-8282